So, what do we actually know?
- Peer Reviewed Evidence: John Hattie’s study shows that ‘the effects of the current methodology of homework are small’ – average effect size of ’0.29′ (Visible Learning for Teachers; Routledge 2011) .
- Anecdotal Evidence: The main driver for setting it, aside from the reference to setting homework in the new Ofsted framework, are parents. At our school, some parents complain that not enough is being set, so to keep them happy we need to keep setting it. (via datafiend.wordpress.com)
- Published Book: “Does Homework Improve Learning? …. At best, most homework studies show only an association, not a causal relationship” Chapter 2 THE HOMEWORK MYTH(Da Capo Press, 2006) Alfie Khon http://www.alfiekohn.org/teaching/hwach.htm (via@theokk)
- Peer Reviewed Evidence:Homework: a review of recent research: Caroline Sharp, Wendy Keys and Pauline Benefield (2001) available here massive literature review, summary of it: Hwk might help at secondary, but there is no evidence of any impact at primary.
- Peer Reviewed Evidence:Results from the OECD Pisa study, which compares school systems around the world, finds a strong association between children’s reading performance at 15, and home activities such as discussing politics, talking about books or films and eating meals together as a family. (from @guardian)
- Peer Reviewed Evidence: OECD PISA study into efficacy of homework (2003) it seems to descirbe a different picture for different sbjects, and suggests a strong link between homework and improvement in Mathematics. The report can be found, in full, here:
- Blog: There is a well considered blog and debate here @headteacherguru. This blog highlights differences between impact in Primary and Secondary contexts and includes commentary from Hattie himself.